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Hans Bay has been the Director of the  Survey Department of the Danish  National Institute for Social Research  since 1998. From 1995-1998 he was  chief statistician at Gallup Denmark,  before which he held positions at GfK  Denmark and A.C. Nielsen. He has a  degree in mathematical statistics from  Copenhagen University. He is involved  in several key European surveys, such as  the European Social Survey, and was  one of the prime movers of the  International Conference on Improving  Surveys (ICIS) in Copenhagen in 2002.  In a recent research project, he  developed two-dimensional maps of  opinion questions with a view to  comparing opinions across countries. 

Jörg Blasius is professor of sociology at  the University of Bonn. Until 2001 he  was Assistant Professor at the  Zentralarchiv für Empirische  Sozialforschung, University of Cologne.  His research interests are exploratory  data analysis, especially correspondence  analysis, methods of empirical social  research, urban sociology and the  sociology of lifestyles. 

Siobhan Carey is Research Director in  Social Survey Division of the Office for  National Statistics. She has conducted  large scale surveys mainly in the field of  health and education and was research  director for the British survey in the  International Adult Literacy Survey  programme. She also led the  international research programme on the  conduct of the IALS following  publication of the results from the first  round of countries. 

Juan Diez Nicolas is Professor of  Sociology at the Complutense University  of Madrid, and President of ASEP. He is  also member of the European Academy  of Sciences and Letters, member of the  High-Level Advisory Group on  Dialogue between Peoples and Cultures  of the Mediterranean (personally  appointed by the President of the  European Commission), member of the  Executive Committee of the World  Values Survey Association, and member  of different scientific and advisory  committees. He is presently involved in  different international research groups,  such as the World Values Survey, the  Comparative Study of Electoral Systems,  and the International Social Survey  Programme. He held several offices of  high political responsibility during the  full length of the political transition  period to democracy in the governments  of Adolfo Suárez. As former Director of  the Technical Department and Secretary  General of the Public Opinion Institute  (IOP) (1963-69), he is one of the main  characters appearing in the book IOP /  CIS, Entrevistas a sus Directores y  Presidentes, published in 2004 in  commemoration of the 40th anniversary  of this institution. He has published 25  books and more than 200 articles, the  latest of the books being: El Libro  Blanco sobre la Enfermedad de  Alzheimer y Trastornos Afines (2002),  La Inmigración en España: Una Década  de Investigaciones (2001), La Voz de los  Inmigrantes (2001), and Identidad  Nacional y Cultura de Defensa (1999). 

Karl Dinkelmann is Business Systems  Analyst for the Survey Research Centers  (SRC) Survey Research Operations at  the University of Michigan’s Institute for  Social Research (ISR). Karl has been the  Senior Programmer Analyst and  technical advisor for the developmental  activities of the World Mental Health  (WMH) Surveys Initiative. The WMH  Surveys Initiative is cross-national  epidemiological mental health research  project involving 28 participating  countries. The questionnaire marks the  first major revision to the World Health  Organization’s (WHO) Composite  International Diagnostic Interview  (CIDI) since 1995. The unique nature of  the CIDI is its capability of assessing  mental disorders for the two different  systems most widely used in world: the  Diagnostic and Statistical Manual  (DSM-IV) and the International  Classification of Disease (ICD-10).  Karl’s research interests include  leveraging technology for cross-national  data documentation related activities and  reducing the need for ad-hoc solution  made by data archive producers by  redefining innovative ways of capturing  and integrating data archive  requirements earlier in the survey’s  lifecycle. 

Brad Edwards is a Westat Vice  President and Associate Director with  extensive experience in large-scale  survey management and design. He is  the project director for the Early  Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth  Cohort (ECLS-B), a major new  longitudinal survey of a cohort of 13,000  babies born in the U.S. in 2001, using  direct child assessment methods  combined with computer assisted  personal interviewing (CAPI). Data are  collected from the sampled children as  well as their parents, child care providers,  and (eventually) their schools.  Mr. Edwards is also the corporate officer  for the ECLS Kindergarten Class of  1998-99 and the Medicare Current  Beneficiary Survey (MCBS). In the early  years of the MCBS (a decade ago) he  provided close direction for the CAPI  development, instrument design, and  interviewer training tasks. He has also  led two corporate efforts at Westat: (1)  developing a set of guidelines for  audioCASI, and (2) coordinating design  standards for Blaise applications.  Research interests include usability of  data collection software, the use of  incentives in surveys, quality of survey  data collected from language minority  populations, and methods for including  language minorities and other relatively  rare groups in surveys. 

Patrick Festy is a research director in  the National Institute for Demographic  Studies (INED, France). He heads the  International Comparisons research unit.  He has co-ordinated various European  research projects, including a recent  evaluation of the comparability issue in  the three waves of family and fertility  surveys conducted in Europe since the  1970s under the auspices of the United  Nations Economic Commission for  Europe in Geneva. 

Eleanor Gerber is a Social Science  Analyst at the US Census Bureau since  1992. Her research interests include  coverage, privacy and confidentiality,  race and ethnicity and ethnographic  studies to support the decennial census.  Prior to her work at the Census Bureau,  she taught anthropology at George  Mason University in Northern Virginia. 

Peter Granda is Senior Research  Associate and Assistant Director for  Collection Development at the Interuniversity  Consortium for Political and  Social Research (ICPSR) located at the  University of Michigan. He also  manages one of ICPSR’s topical  archives, the International Archive of  Education Data. He has a postgraduate  degree in History (India) and spent  several years of study in the southern  part of the subcontinent. He now assists  researchers who work with comparative  data. Along with colleagues at the  Zentralarchiv in Koln, he established a  partnership to process and distribute  Eurobarometer surveys for secondary  analyses. 

Reto Hadorn is in charge of the  development and maintenance of the  data archive department at SIDOS,  Neuchatel. He studied sociology at the  University of Lausanne. He is mainly  interested in an systemic approach to  social reality and especially  communication, in interpersonal  relations in the context of group relations  or institutional structures, and the  wanted and unwanted effects of  educational interventions on people. 

Janet A. Harkness is Germany’s  Programme Director of the International  Social Survey Programme (ISSP) at  ZUMA. Her survey research and  publications focus on survey translation  and translation assessment, text and  discourse research relevant to  questionnaires, and survey quality  monitoring. She heads the translation  expert panel in the European Social  Survey. Her Master’s Degree was in  Comparative Medieval Studies, her  doctorate in linguistics and cultural  anthropology. 

Christian Holst graduated in political  sciences at Free University Berlin in  1991. From 91-1996: Collaborator of  Prof. H. Rattinger (University Bamberg,  Georgetown University) in a project on  German attitudes on Foreign and  Security Policy. Ph.D. thesis on  “Subjective Security and Threat  Perception”. From 1997-2000: research  executive in the department of Political  and Social Research of INRA  Deutschland. 2000-2002 Head of  Department of Political and Social  Research of INRA Deutschland. Since  June 2002 Director Public Affairs  /Political and Social Research of Ipsos  GmbH (formerly: INRA Deutschland).  Responsible (among others) for the  German part of the Standard  Eurobarometer, cross-cultural research  on religion and democratic transition,  political elites, decision-makers. 

Lilli Japec has been a survey  methodologist at Statistics Sweden since  1989. For the past eight years she has  been with the R&D Department. Areas  she has worked in include Labour Force  Surveys and salary and wages statistics;  she also spent six months as a national  expert for Sweden at the Director  General’s Office at Eurostat. Research  areas of particular interest include data  collection, interview surveys, nonresponse,  and quality management. Ms  Japec is currently finishing a doctoral  thesis on interview quality issues. 

Uwe Jensen is MetaDater project  manager at the German Central Archive  for Empirical Social Research at the  University of Cologne. He is also  responsible the ZA Internet coordination,  the GESIS Internet editing,  and member of the GESIS Internet  Project group.  

Dominique Joye has been Director of  SIDOS, the Swiss data archive since  1999 and is Associate Professor of  Methodology for the Social Sciences at  the University of Neuchâtel,  Switzerland. He is currently working on  the realisation and analysis of a number  of cross-national studies in Switzerland  (ISSP, ESS, Euro-barometers in  Switzerland) with a strong emphasis on  the question of quality in the surveys.  His substantive interests center on social  inequality, urban sociology and  statistical methods (cf. Andersson, Harri,  Gertrud Jorgensen, Dominique Joye, and  Wim Ostendorf (Eds.). 2001. Change  and Stability in Urban Europe: Form,  Quality and Governance. Ashbury:  Ashgate). 

Sabine Klein trained as a political  scientist before joining a national survey  project on attitudes towards self-defence  at the Technische Universität Dresden  and ZUMA. She is currently a member  of the International Social Survey  Programme team at the European Centre  for Cross-Cultural Surveys, ZUMA. Her  research interests focus on survey  modes, in particular mail surveys in the  national and international context, and  questionnaire design. 

Achim Koch is director of the German  General Social Survey (ALLBUS) and is  a member of the Central Coordinating  Team of the European Social Survey  (ESS). He has been working as a social  scientist at the Center for Survey  Research and Methodology (ZUMA) in  Mannheim since 1986. His major  research interests are survey  methodology and social monitoring. 

Ruud Luijkx is Lecturer in Sociology at  Tilburg University. He graduated in  Social Sciences Methodology and  Sociology and he wrote a dissertation on  “Comparative loglinear analyses of  social mobility and heterogamy” (1994).  He has published numerous articles on  inter- and intra-generational mobility  and homogamy. He is a member of the  European Values Study team at Tilburg  University, in particular responsible for  delivering the EVS 1999 survey to the  public domain and creating an integrated  EVS data file for the waves 1981-1990-  1999. Together with ASEP/ JDS  (Madrid – World Values Team), he is  preparing an integrated EVS-WVS data  file for the period 1981-2000. 

Lars Lyberg is a Chief Scientist at  Statistics Sweden. Formerly he was  Head of the Statistical Research Unit  (1983-1987), Head of the International  Research Unit (1988-1992), and Head of  the R & D Department (1993-2000) at  Statistics Sweden. He received his Ph.D.  from Stockholm University in 1981.  Since 1985 he is the Chief Editor of the  Journal of Official Statistics. He is chief  editor of Survey Measurement and  Process Quality (Wiley, 1997) and coeditor  of Telephone Survey  Methodology (Wiley, 1988) and  Measurement Errors in Surveys (Wiley,  1991). His main research interests are  non-sampling errors in surveys, data  quality, and organizational quality.  Peter Lynn is Professor of Survey  Methodology at the University of Essex  and was previously Director of the  Survey Methods Centre at the National  Centre for Social Research. Peter  specialises in all aspects of quantitative  data collection methodology and has  published widely on topics including  survey non-response, weighting, data  collection mode effects, respondent  incentives, advance letters, sample  design and survey quality. His full CV is  available at  Currently, Peter is associate director of  the UK Longitudinal Studies Centre.  Current research interests encompass  measurement error, non-response error  and sample design – especially in  longitudinal contexts. 

Ekkehard Mochmann is the  administrative director of the German  Central Archive for Empirical Social  Research at the University of Cologne.  He is member of the GESIS-Board,  Representative of the Council of  European Social Science Data Archives –  CESSDA, the International Federation of  Data Organizations for the Social  Sciences – IFDO, and the European  Consortium for Political Research –  ECPR. 

Peter Ph. Mohler is Director of ZUMA,  a member of the Board of Directors of  GESIS (the German Social Science  Infrastructure Association) and professor  at Mannheim University. His major  research interests are comparative survey  methodology and computer-assisted text  analysis. His most recent publications  are on comparative research, background  demographics, survey documentation  and content analysis. 

Yuling Pan is a sociolinguist who works  in the Statistical Research Division of  the US Census Bureau. Her current  research interests include survey  translations, pretesting of translations,  cross-cultural communication, and  language and cultural issues in survey  research. Before joining the US Census  Bureau in 2002, she was Managing  Director of the Asian Sociocultural  Research Projects, and Post-doctoral  Fellow in the Department of Linguistics,  Georgetown University. She has also  trained US diplomats at the Foreign  Service Institute of the US State  Department and has taught linguistics  and cross-cultural communication at the  undergraduate and graduate level in the  United States, China, Hong Kong, and  Finland. She is the author and co-author  of two books and numerous journal  articles in the field of sociolinguistics. 

Beth-Ellen Pennell is the Director for  Operations and Planning for the Division  of Surveys and Technologies at the  Survey Research Center, Institute for  Social Research, University of  Michigan. Ms. Pennell is also a member  of the Center´s Survey Methods Program  and a frequent contributor to the  Center´s training programs in survey  methods. Ms. Pennell serves as a special  advisor to the World Health  Organization and Harvard University on  the World Mental Health 2000 Project  (WMH2000). Ms. Pennell coordinates  the developmental activities and  oversees the implementation of the  WMH200 project which involves the  conduct of general population epidemiological  studies in 25 developed and  developing countries worldwide. Ms.  Pennell received her Master´s Degree in  Applied Social Research at the  University of Michigan in 1997.

Manuel de la Puente has almost 20  years of professional experience  conducting applied social research in the  private sector and in the federal  government. Currently he is Assistant  Division Chief for Survey Methodology  in the Statistical Research Division at the  U.S. Commerce Department’s Census  Bureau in Washington, D.C. Dr. de la  Puente’s current research interests and  publications focus on how to improve  the quality of survey and census data  obtained from households whose  dominant language is Spanish or another  major minority language in the US  population, including. how to best  achieve translation of Census Bureau  surveys from English into other  languages. 

Martine Quaglia is a study engineer, in  charge of survey methodology within the  survey department of the National  Institute for Demographic Studies. After  several years of collaboration as an  interviewer for polling institutes, she  completed a post-graduate diploma  (DEA) in sociology a the University of  Paris, Jussieu. For the last ten years, she  has mostly worked as a field supervisor,  trainer, co-ordinator, on INED surveys  concerning topics such as homelessness  (Marpsat and al, 2002, Marpsat et  Quaglia, 2002), and, more recently, drug  addiction (Emmanuelli and al., 2002).  She has contributed to the national  survey on people using services directed  toward the homeless conducted by  INSEE (National Institute of Statistics  and Economic Studies) in 2001, in  charge of co-ordinating the survey for  the Ile de France and planning and  detailing training for regional project  directors and interviewers (Quaglia,  2000, 2001). 

Beatrice Rammstedt is Senior Project  Director at the Center for Survey  Research and Methodologies (ZUMA) in  Mannheim. Dr Rammstedt’s main  research interests focus on personality  structure and personality assessment and  cross-cultural similarities and differences  in personality dimensions. Her recent  publications contribute to these research  areas. 

Nina Rother is a researcher in the EUfunded  project Pioneers of Europe’s  Integration ‘from below’ (PIONEUR) at  the European Centre for Cross- Cultural  Surveys, ZUMA.  A psychologist, she is mainly interested  in international comparative research on  attitudes towards immigration. She is  also working on a doctorate on this  topic, using ESS data. 

Melanie Sauer studies Education,  Psychology and Economics at the Ottovon-  Guericke University of Magdeburg,  Germany. She is currently spending  three months at ZUMA as an intern and  is working on transcripts of interviews  with translators and on content analysis  of open questions. 

Evi Scholz graduated in political  Science at University Mannheim in  1992. From 1992-2000 she was  researcher in several international  comparative projects (on European  parliaments, European elections studies,  Eurobarometer) of the Mannheim Centre  for European Social Research (MZES)  and the Zentrum für Europäische  Umfrageanalysen und Studien (ZEUS) at  the MZES. Since she has been 2001  member of the ISSP work group at  ZUMA.  She is mainly interested in international  comparative research, especially in  background variables. 

Alisú Schoua-Glusberg is a cultural/  linguistic anthropologist. She uses  qualitative techniques for improving  questionnaire design, including focus  groups, cognitive interviews and  ethnographic interviews, specializing in  the use of these techniques with  Hispanics in the US. Dr. Schoua-  Glusberg has pioneered new approaches  to instrument translation, a topic on  which she has written and presented  widely. She has been responsible for  design and implementation of data  collection strategies and procedures in  technically and technologically  sophisticated longitudinal and crosssectional  surveys, at NORC, Harvard  University, Metro Chicago Information  Center and Impaq International. She is  General Partner at Research Support  Services, a small consulting firm she  founded in 1996. 

John. H. Smith trained as a political  scientist before taking up a career in the  field of science administration and  policy at the Economic and Social  Research Council, London, UK (1976-  84), and the European Science  Foundation, Strasbourg, where he was  Head of Unit for the Social Sciences  (1985-2000). Based in Vienna from  2000-2003, Dr. Smith was Executive  Director of the Institute for Human  Sciences until December 2001. He then  worked as a Research Consultant with  contracts undertaken for the Austrian  Ministry of Education, Science and  Culture; the European Centre for Social  Welfare Policy and Research; ZUMA,  Mannheim; and the European  Commission Directorate-General for  Research. Since October 2003 he has  been based in Lisbon, Portugal, as a  Gulbenkian Foundation Visiting  Professor in European Science Policy at  the Instituto Superior De Ciencias Do  Trabalho E Da Empresa (ISCTE) of the  University of Lisbon. 

Richard Topf is Professor of Political  Science and Director of the Centre for  Comparative European Survey Data,  London Metropolitan University. His  research, teaching and professional  affiliations reflect his long-standing  interest in both substantive and  methodological aspects of political  science research. He has been  responsible for producing a number of  electronic datasets including ZA Study  1684: Cumulative Eurobarometer survey  file: 1973-91; ICPSR & ZentralArchiv,  1992; British Election Studies  Information System (BESIS) on CDROM,  published and distributed by UK  Data Archive, 1996; British Social  Attitudes Information System (BSAIS)  on CD-ROM, commissioned by then  Social and Community Planning  Research and distributed by CCESD  (1998), now on-line at; German  Social Survey Information System  (ALLBIS) on CD-ROM, commissioned  by German Data Archive (ZA, Cologne),  1998; and Eurobarometer Information  System (EUROBIS) on CD-ROM, ‘proof  of concept’ prepared for ICPSR,  Michigan (1999).  

Stef van Buuren is head of the Dept. of  Statistics of TNO Prevention and Health.  He runs European projects to improve  cross-national comparability of health  data in de EC, and devised a new postharmonization  technique, Response  Conversion, for enhancing  comparability. One of his interests is to  lay out minimal conditions for  comparability, including methods for  defining, measuring and testing it. 

Karl M. van Meter holds a Bachelor of  Arts Degree (Social Sciences and French  Literature) from the US, an Honours  Degree in Pure Mathematics from the  UK and a Doctorate in Ordered  Algebraic Structures from France  (Université Paris VI). He has done  research for UNESCO, the US, Germany  and France and is published in those  countries. He currently does research at  the French Centre National de la  Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) in Paris  and directs the bilingual Bulletin de  Méthodologie Sociologique (BMS). 

Fons van de Vijver has a chair in  cultural psychology at Tilburg  University in the Netherlands. His main  interests are in the areas of  methodological aspects of cross-cultural  studies (analyses of bias and  equivalence), test  translations/adaptations, cross-cultural  differences and similarities in cognitive  structures and processes, acculturation,  and relationships between individuallevel  and country-level char-acteristics.  He has published widely on these topics.  He is Editor of the Journal of Cross-  Cultural Psychology. 

Christine W. L. Wilson is a lecturer in  the School of Languages, Heriot-Watt  University, Edinburgh.  Christine developed the British Sign  Language/English interpreting programme  there which began in 1996. The  programme focuses primarily on  interpreting activities in public sector  settings – medical, educational, legal,  social services – and in political and  business settings. She is also involved in  the developing training courses for  trainers of sign language interpreters and  initiated the Heriot-Watt summer  programme of CPE interpreting courses.  She is responsible for the design and  management of customised interpreting  courses commissioned by private  corporations and other organisations for  their staff. She has provided training for  the Scottish Police in “working with  interpreters“, worked with the Scottish  Crown Office on training interpreters to  work in court and on training procurators  fiscal to work with interpreters and leads  a funded research project to develop a  computer-based study facility and  resource for interpreters working in the  public sector. Her current research  activities focus on the quality of  communication in public service  interpreted encounters (face-to-face and  remote communication by videoconferencing  link), investigating both  cognitive and non-cognitive features of  communication.