International Conference on Survey Methods in Multinational, Multiregional, and Multicultural Contexts (3MC) Berlin Germany June 25-28, 2008 The 3MC conference was the first-ever international conference to focus exclusively on methods for comparative research. The CSDI Advisory Committee functioned as the conference organizing committee. 3MC brought together researchers working on a wide range of topics related to cross-national and cross-cultural survey methods, including research on study and instrument design, data collection, quality assurance, data analysis and dissemination archiving. It was attended by researchers and practitioners from around the globe, representing business, industry, public services such as health and education, academic researchers and public policy makers. The conference focused in particular on methods, tools, strategies and protocols that help maximize comparability across countries, languages and cultures.
Session 1
Processes and Methods for Creating Questions and Protocols for an International Study of Ideas about Development and Family LifeArland Thorton, U of Michigan, USA, Alexandra Achen, U of Michigan, USA, Jennifer Barber, U of Michigan, USA, Georgina Binstock, Centro de Estudios de Población, Argentina, Wade Garrison, U of Michigan, USA,  Dirgha Ghimire, U of Michigan, USA, Wang Guangzhou, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, China, Ronald Inglehart, U of Michigan, USA, Rukmalie Jayakody, Penn State U, USA, Yang Jiang, U of Michigan, USA, and Julie de Jong, U of Michigan, USA
Questionnaire Design in Multipopulation SurveysJanet Harkness, U of Lincoln-Nebraska, USA, Brad Edwards, Westat, USA, Sue Ellen Hansen, U of Michigan, USA
Of Men and Measures: Counting and Estimation in Comparative Survey ResearchAgata Grabowska
Translatability AssessmentKatrin Conway, Mapi Research Institute, France, Donald Patrick, U of Washington, USA, Catherine Acquadro, Hôpitaux de Paris, France
Session 2
Questionnaire versus Culture versus Demographics: What Accounts for Difficulties in Answering Survey QuestionsGordn Willis, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Elaine Zahnd, Public Health Institute, Kerry Levin, Westat, Martha Kudela, Westat, Barbara Forsyth, Westat
Developing and Testing the CAHPS Clinician and Group Health Literacy Item SetBeverly Weidmer, RAND Corporation, Chuck Darby, ARHQ, Cindy Brach, ARHQ, Ron D. Hays, RAND Corporation
Representations of Ordinality and Substantive Research Hypotheses in Cross-Country Comparisons Based on Survey DataA. Jan Kutylowski
Effects of Different Translations of Answer ScalesMarlene Sapin, Dominique Joye, Sylvie Leuenberger-Zanetta, Alexandre Pollien, and Nicole Schobi, U of Lusanne, Switzerland
Session 4
Language Interpreting and Oral Translation in SurveysChristine W.L. Wilson, Heriot-Watt University, Scotland, Janet A. Harkness, U of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA; Gesis-ZUMA, Germany
Collecting Health and Nutrition Data in a Multilingual EnvironmentPat Montalvan, Westat, Brad Edwards, Westat, Yinong Chong, NCHS, Jacquie Hogan, Westat
Measuring the Quality of Real-time Telephone Survey InterpretersMichael W. Link, Ali H. Mokdad, Michael P. Battaglia, Martin R. Frankel, and Larry Osborn
Session 5
Gfk Custon ResearchNick Moon, Growth Custom Research
Multinational Research at TNSLeendert de Voogd, Global Sector Head
Session 6
Design and Analysis of Cognitive Interviews for Cross-National TestingKristen Miller, NCHS, Rory Fitzgerald, City U, Rachal Caspar, RTI, Martin Dimov, CSD, Michelle Gray, NatCen, Catia Nunes, ICS, Jose-Luis Padilla, U of Granada, Peter Pruefer, Zuma, Nicole Schoebi, SIDOS, Alisu Schous-Glusberg, RSS, Sally Widdop, City U, and Stephanie Willson, NCHS
Using Cognitive Interviewing Findings to Explore the Relationship between Acculturation and Survey ResponseCynthia Helba, Westat, Kerry Levin, Westat, Barbara Forsyth, University of Maryland, USA, Gordon Willis, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, Alicia Norberg, Westat, and David Berrigan, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences
Managing the Cognitive Pretesting of Multilingual Survey Instruments: The Pretesting of the U.S. Census Bureau Bilingual Spanish/English QuestionnairePatricia L. Goerman, U.S. Census Bureau, Rachel Caspar, RTI International, Inc.
Session 7
Cross-Cultural Comparisons of International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation (ITC) Survey Questionnaires: A Multinational, Multicultural and Multilingual Cognitive Interviewing StudyJame Thrasher, U of South Carolina, USA, Anne Quah, U of Waterloo, Canada, Ashlee Watts, U of South Carolina, USA, Gregory Dominick, U of South Carolina, USA, Ron Borland, Cancer Council of Victoria, Australia, Ana Dorantes Alonso, Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica, Mexico, Warwick Hosking, Victoria U, Australia, Rahmat Awang, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia, Maizurah Omar, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia, Ahmad Shalihin Mohd Samin, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia, Buppha Sirirassamee, Mahidol U, Thailand, and Marcelo Boado, Universidad de la Republica, Uruguay
Implementation and Results of a Cross-National, Structured-Interview Cognitive Test of a Measure of DisabilityKristen Miller, NCHS, Daniel Mont, World Banks, Aaron Maitland, NCHS, Barbara Altman, Consultant, and Jennifer Madans, NCHS
Using Cognitive Interviews to Evaluate the Spanish-Language Translation of  a Dietary QuestionnaireKerry Levin, Westat, Gordon Willis, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Barbara Forsyth, U of Maryland, USA, Alicia Norberg, Westat, Debra Stark, Westat, Martha Kudela, Westat, and Frances Thompson, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute
Multilingual Questionnaire Evaluation and Development through Mixed Pretesting Methods: The Case of the U.S. Census Nonresponse Followup InstrumentJenifer Childs, U.S. Census Bureau, Patricia Goerman, U.S. Census Bureau
Session 9
Self-Rated General Health Question in a Multilingual SurveySunghee Lee, UCLA Center for Health Policy Research & Dept. of Bioscience, David Grant, UCLA Center for Health Policy Research
A Systematic Approach to Test and Questionnaire Adaptations in an African ContextPenny Holding, Africa Mental Health Foundation, Kenya/Case Western Reserve University, USA, Amina Abubakar, Tilburg University, Netherlands/Centre for Geographic Medicine Research, KEMRI, Kilifi/Africa Mental Health Foundation, Kenya, Patricia Kitsao-Wekulo, Africa Mental Health Foundation, Kenya
Comparative Overview of Test Adaptation and Translation Verification Procedures in Three International SurveysS. Dept, A. Ferrari, and L. Wayrynen
Reflections on the Translation and Adaptation Procedures for Problem Solving in ALLAnouk Zabal, GESIS
Session 10
Evaluation of a Multi-Step Survey Translation ProcessGordon B. Willis, National Cancer Institute, Pat Dean Brick, Westat, Alicia Norberg, Westat, Debra S. Stark, Westat, Martha Stapleton Kudela, Westat, Barbara H. Forsyth, U of Maryland, Kerry Levin, Westat, David Berrigan, National Cancer Institute, Frances E. Thompson, National Cancer Institute, Deidre Lawrence, National Cancer Institute
Session 11
Collecting Physical Measure and Biomarker Data on Cross-National StudiesHeidi Guyer, U of Michigan, USA, Mary Beth Ofstedal, U of Michigan, USA, Carli Lessof, National Centre for Social Research, London, Kate Cox, National Centre for Social Research, London, Hendrik Juerges, Mannheim University, Germany
Adapting U.S.-Based General Interviewing and Study-Specific Training Protocols for Cross-National Survey Data CollectionKirsten Alcser, U of Michigan, USA, Nicole Kirgis, U of Michigan, USA, Heidi Guyer U of Michigan, USA
Does Interviewer Ethnicity Impact Telephone-Administered Surveys Among African Americans?Rachel E. Davis, U of Michigan, USA, Jennifer G. Nguyen, U of Michigan, USA, Sarah M. Greene, Center for Health Studies, Group Health, Ken Resnicow, U of Michigan, USA